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Causes of Musculoskeletal Conditions

musculoskeletal conditions

There are many causes of musculoskeletal conditions that can be attributed to either old age, being overweight or sometimes due to the weather.


As many of you know, here at Paddington Physio, we loathe attributing conditions to age. However, it is often more plausible to have problems due to wear & tear. E.g; there are some degenerative tendinopathies that appear in teenagers, some of which are not painful at all.

In research, there is an increasing incidence with older ages of conditions such as; osteoporosis, arthritis, and knee & hip osteoarthritis. But that does not mean these conditions are “caused” by age.

The majority of these conditions are a result of the sedentary lifestyles that seems to be prevalent in the older population. If there are degenerative changes, this may not have an influence on pain felt.


We regularly hear about the effect of weight on general health (e.g. heart & lungs). Research has shown a higher incidence of some musculoskeletal conditions in people who are overweight, e.g; heel pain, knee osteoarthritis, urinary incontinence, and gout.

Interestingly low back pain, which is regularly correlated with weight by patients themselves, has not been shown to be a significant factor. Although, this does not mean that losing weight won’t assist in reduction of symptoms.


“It’s the weather,” is regularly cited by patients as a reason for aches & pains. A current theory is that a change in barometric pressure causes a change in the joints pressure. Therefore, aches and pains come either just before rain or a cold front. There is little research to back this theory.

However, as it is a regular comment, there may be some truth to the phenomenon.

Tightened muscles due to cold weather is often the “cause” of wry necks with patients, but they also have a high occurrence in the middle of summer. But is that the cold draft of the fan or air-conditioning? Muscle properties have been shown to change at different temperatures.


If you are experiencing causes of musculoskeletal conditions that are similar to these or from a different issue, call to book in with one of our Physiotherapists today!